Table of Contents
Lets discuss lumps in breast.
Fibroadenoma – Symptoms, detection and treatment.
Fibroadenoma is a combination of two words fibrous and adenoma. Here, fibrous refers to the type of tissue i.e. fibrous tissue that usually surrounds the adenoma. While adenoma means a growth of glandular cells. Now as many know a growth in the medical world is also known as tumor and in fact fibroadenomas are benign tumors.
Now let me explain before you start worrying about it. There are two types of tumors benign and malignant. Benign tumors are outgrowths of cells that usually don’t extend beyond their basement membrane. For the sake of simplicity lets just call it the outer covering of the tissue. Furthermore, malignant tumors are those that usually extend beyond the basement membrane.
Fibroadenoma is a benign tumor. It is hard and rubbery to feel and forms a lump in the breast. ( that is why it is also known as breast lump). Also note that fibroadenoma does not cause pain. It usually occurs in young females of reproductive age and is most common between ages of 24 to 45 years.
- You will only feel a hard rubbery lump in your breast
- The lump is freely mobile and non adherent to skin
- The lump is generally not associated with any breast changes or breast skin redness or changes
We diagnose fibroadenomas with a triple assessment.
Fibroadenoma diagnosis includes:
- A medical history and clinical examination by a medical professional
- Breast ultrasound or mammography (depends on age and other factors discuss with your doctor)
- A biopsy ( usually FNAC but type of biopsy is usually determined by your doctor).
Watch the video below to learn more about the triple assessment.
There is no treatment if you have no problem. Fibroadenomas usually are benign and hence don’t require any treatment unless they grow to a very large size.
Fibroadenoma in pregnancy:
The lump increases and decreases in size during menstrual cycle. Hence, it may also become slightly painful during menses due to the hormonal changes. Usually in pregnancy the lump will enlarge due to the hormonal changes during pregnancy. It should go back to the pre pregnancy size after you start lactation.
Can fibroadenomas go away before menopause?
No, they usually don’t until menopause.
Do Fibroadenomas go away after menopause?
Yes, they usually decrease to very small size. They may go away after menopause as your sex hormone levels drop out.
If you detect any breast lumps kindly go visit your nearby medical physician for a thorough checkup.
If you want to read a book about breast diseases I recommend this.